Enforcamento Homicida Mascarado como Suicídio: Revisão Integrativa

Autores/as

  • Gabriel Lessa de Souza Maia Centro Universitário Tiradentes (UNIT-AL), Departamento de Medicina, Maceió, AL, Brasil
  • Pedro Henrique do Nascimento Silva Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Faculdade de Medicina, Maceió, AL, Brasil
  • Daniele Gonçalves Bezerra Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Faculdade de Medicina, Maceió, AL, Brasil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17063/bjfs11(2)y202278-92

Palabras clave:

Autopsia, Homicídio, Lesões do pescoço, Medicina legal

Resumen

Estima-se que um a cada mil casos de enforcamento seja de natureza homicida, contudo avalia-se que esse dado é subestimado pelo mascaramento de homicídios como suicídio. Esta revisão objetiva analisar os achados necroscópicos em enforcamentos de etiologia homicida e identificar seus sinais de alerta de interesse médico-legal. Esta pesquisa trata-se de uma revisão bibliográfica integrativa de relatos de caso, dos quais foram selecionados 6 artigos que reportaram um total de 8 casos de enforcamentos homicidas. O resultado da revisão demonstrou que os enforcamentos de etiologia homicida comumente exigem que o assassino tenha vantagem física sobre a vítima, para minimizar ou evitar reação desta. Houve fratura das estruturas do pescoço na metade dos casos analisados, sendo mais comum a fratura do osso hioide, da cartilagem tireoide e da cartilagem cricoide. Os principais sinais de alerta de importância à necrópsia envolvem o sulco de enforcamento, as reações vitais da vítima e lesões que não se relacionam com o mecanismo de morte do enforcamento.

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Publicado

2022-02-02

Cómo citar

Lessa de Souza Maia, G., do Nascimento Silva, P. H. ., & Gonçalves Bezerra, D. (2022). Enforcamento Homicida Mascarado como Suicídio: Revisão Integrativa. Brazilian Journal of Forensic Sciences, Medical Law and Bioethics, 11(2), 78–92. https://doi.org/10.17063/bjfs11(2)y202278-92